English Language Learners (ELL’s) need support adjusting to an English classroom. As teachers, it’s our responsibility (and passion) to differentiate instruction and provide appropriate accommodations so these ESL students can experience success and feel good about themselves and their learning.
Your first priority is to make sure the student feels a sense of belonging to the classroom community you’ve created, and is not afraid. Learning will happen if the student feels welcomed, and then if lessons are differentiated to allow them to participate according to their abilities.
Here is a quick checklist of ways to accommodate an ELL in the classroom:
- Represent their culture in the classroom
- Give them time just to get familiar and comfortable with the class, school, and new peers.
- Print clearly and simply – avoid cursive writing and small text.
- Support words and instructions – use images and visuals such as graphic organizers, pictures, and flow charts.
- Monitor your own talking – speak clearly, avoid slang and idiomatic expressions.
- Cue the student – create specific cues and rhythms for the classroom so they know what to expect during transitions.
- Check for comprehension – use gestures, smiles, props, and one-word answers. Avoid “do you understand?”
- Give extra time for tasks and assignments
- Diversify assessment strategies – write, say, and do.
- Word Walls with key vocabulary they need across all subjects
Teaching ESL students is an enriching experience and really helps us develop as teachers. Embrace the opportunity and challenge and enjoy the trip~!
Transitional words and phrases are very important when writing papers for academia, business or English proficiency exams.
Transitions help the reader to follow along with what you’re writing, to make the points of your essay flow, and to show the relationship of your ideas to one another. Transitions can go at the beginning ( Therefore, we ate at a restaurant.) or in the middle (We ate at a restaurant instead of at home) of a sentence. When used properly, transitions can showcase your command of the written English language and get you top marks!
I’ve compiled a list of good transitions for you to use in your essays. One of my favourite places to look for ‘transition inspiration’ is at Smart Words, have a look if you’d like.
Remember – not all transitions can be used in each instance. You need to find the correct transition to express what it is you’re trying to say. For example, you cannot use “On the other hand, …” when you’re trying to compare two things that are similar as this phrase is for things that are contrasting or dissimilar.
When adding a thought or point:
- also, moreover, as well as, in addition, furthermore, often, similarly, likewise, as expected, then, next, along these lines
When contrasting and comparing:
- in comparison, instead, instead of, on the other hand, consequently, therefore, in contrast, similarly, yet, but, with this in mind, instead of, in place of, rather than, as a result, comparatively, likewise, correspondingly, however, still, rather, opposite, besides, conversely, on one hand
When giving examples:
- for example, for instance, as you can see, as expected, namely, in this case, basically, often
- generally, often, typically, usually, in general, basically, mostly, in essence, at this time, nearly all
When outlining consequences:
- consequently, therefore, finally, otherwise, so then, as a result, accordingly,
When sequencing your thoughts and points:
- also, next, in addition, while, at first, first of all, next, soon, then, later, in time,
When restating a thought:
- as mentioned, namely, that is to say, basically, as mentioned, to restate, in other words
When giving emphasis to a thought or point:
- especially, particularly, above all, singularly, most importantly, primarily, as outlined, nearly all
- in conclusion, in essence, finally, in summary, on the whole, all things considered, to conclude
OTHER RESOURCES TO CHECK OUT:
Smart Words – List of transitional words for writing
Study Guides and Strategies – Transitional sentences
Writer’s Web – Transitional words and phrases